Cruciferous vegetables have received increasing attention in recent years, partly because of the fight against cancer and numerous health benefits associated with these plants. They are usually eaten raw, cooked or preserved, although they may be cooked and used in fried or added to soup.
The radish, Raphanus sativus, belongs to the family Brassicaceae, may have white, red, purple or black, long cylindrical or round shape. The oil obtained from seeds of radish is also used. The other parts of the radish, which are eaten are leaves, flowers, pods and seeds.
The radish contain about 95 percent of water in proportion to its weight, making it an excellent source of hydration. This moisture can also reduce the appetite, making the person feel satiated, a benefit for those trying to lose weight.
They can also help relieve urinary tract infections and painful urination, providing essential fluids to help flush the urinary system, can help improve the bladder and kidney.
When preparing food with radishes, remember that the high percentage of water prevents its freezing appropriate. Freezing often causes damage through the formation of ice crystals, resulting in a colorless radish after thawing.
Low in fat and cholesterol, radish provides a generous amount of dietary fiber. A portion (1 / 2 cup or a whole) provides 1-2 g of dietary fiber, which is 5 to 8 percent of the recommended daily. The fiber helps to reduce hunger, regulates the intestine and can even improve cholesterol levels.
A plant with antibacterial and antifungal, the radish is a good source of vitamins A, B-6, C, K, riboflavin and folic acid. Due to its high vitamin content, is considered a dietary supplement useful for people with colds, flu, cancer, skin diseases, asthma and other respiratory diseases. They also help in strengthening capillary controls the levels of homocysteine and reduces the incidence of injuries.
The radish contains significant levels of calcium, iron, phosphorus, copper, magnesium and potassium. These minerals can do many things by the body, strengthens bones, protects the heart, regulates blood pressure, improves the digestive system and immune system, improves kidney function and acts as an energy tonic. The leaves of radish are an excellent source of vitamin C and calcium.
In a study to determine the glycemic index of various vegetables, it was concluded that the radish has a low GI. Preliminary studies have shown that the root of the radish is effective in lowering cholesterol levels. More studies are needed to confirm these results. In a study of extracts was proven its efficiency as an antioxidant. The radish contain a variety of chemicals based on sulfur, which increase the flow of bile, thus helping to maintain a gallbladder and liver healthy and improve digestion. Leaf extract is beneficial for the gastrointestinal activities and is known for its laxative properties. The radish belongs to the brassica vegetables, including cabbage, brussels sprouts, cauliflower and broccoli. Numerous studies suggest that the plants of the family of brassicas act as protection against cancers of the lung and digestive tract. Cruciferous vegetables are a source of glucosinolates, compounds that give flavor brassica. The preventive potential of the radish is partly due to their glucosinolate content, and a study in Italy showed the variety Daikon radish Japanese had anti-cancer activity in human colon.
The radish is very good for the liver, gallbladder and stomach, and acts as detoxifying, that is, it purifies the blood. It is useful in jaundice, as it helps regulate the production and flow of bile and bilirubin, acids, enzymes and removes excess bilirubin in the blood. It also controls the destruction of red blood cells during jaundice by increased supply of oxygen in fresh blood. The turnip greens are also very useful in the treatment of jaundice. It also contains enzymes such as myrosinase, diastase, amylase and esterase, which protects the liver and gall bladder infections and ulcers.
It is very rich in indigestible carbohydrates, that facilitates digestion, retain water, helps control constipation (one of the main causes of hemorrhoids). Its juice also relieves the digestive and excretory system and it also relieves hemorrhoids.
It is diuretic, ie, increase the production of urine, the radish juice also cures the inflammation and burning sensation during urination. Also clean the kidneys and inhibits kidney and urinary system. Thus, it helps in curing urinary problems.
Vitamin C, phosphorus, zinc and some members of the vitamin B complex, which are present in radish, are good for the skin. Water helps to keep moisture from the skin, raw radish is a cleaning product very good and serves as a face pack very effective. Because of its disinfectant properties, radish also helps to heal skin diseases, such as dryness, rashes, cracks, etc.
Possesses anti itchy and can be used as an effective treatment for insect bites, stings from bees, wasps, hornets, etc.. The juice also reduces pain and swelling and soothes the affected area.
It decreases the body temperature and relieves inflammation due to fever. Radish juice is a good disinfectant, but also fight infections that cause fever, thus helping to heal it.
The radish is an anti congestive, or relieving the congestion of the respiratory system, including the nose, throat and lungs due to cold, infections, allergies and other causes. It is a good disinfectant and also rich in vitamins, which protect the respiratory system against infections that cause bronchitis and asthma.
Besides the benefits mentioned above, the radish is a good appetizer, refreshes the mouth and help in breathing, is laxative, regulates metabolism, improves blood circulation, is a good treatment for headache, acidity, constipation, nausea, obesity, sore throat, cough, stomach problems, gall stones, dyspepsia, etc..